7. Ecofeminisms & Environmental Reproductive Justice

“It is no wonder then that the violence of extractive industries — which require access to the resource rich lands of Indigenous nations — predominantly impacts those who ensure those nations’ futures: the women and young people.”

Women’s Earth Alliance (WEA) and Native Youth Sexual Health Network (NYSHN), Violence on the Land, Violence on Our Bodies: Building an Indigenous Response to Environmental Violence, 20

Ecofeminist theories capture ways that human domination of the environment, including attempts to control and exploit water, air, soil, and non-human animals, is akin to forms of domination based on gender, race, class, and colonialism. This module introduces you to ecofeminist theory, and builds upon our study of Indigenous feminisms and reproductive justice by focusing on the concept of environmental reproductive justice. Environmental reproductive justice is an approach to theory, research, and activism that documents the relationship between gender, race, class, colonialism, and environmental violence. Further, environmental reproductive justice approaches emphasize gendered- and culturally-specific knowledges, and the relationships between individuals, communities, and all living things.

Learning Objectives

By the end of this module, you should be able to:

  • explain ecofeminist perspectives on the relationship between women and nature
  • explain how ecofeminists want to transform feminism and environmentalism
  • define environmental racism and environmental justice
  • define environmental reproductive justice
  • apply the concept of environmental reproductive justice to the community of Aamjiwnaang




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